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Versatile and user friendly signal processing for EEG and MEG data. The most widely used software in EEG and MEG research, developed on the basis of 20 years experience in human brain mapping. Wide variety of source analysis algorithms. Bidirectional connection with BrainVoyager™ allows source seeding from fMRI clusters with one mouse click


The following publications site using BESA in Visual Evoked Response Research

Caldara R, Thut G, Servoir P, Michel CM, Bovet P, Renault B. Face versus non-face object perception and the 'other-race' effect: a spatio-temporal event-related potential study. Clin Neurophysiol 114:515-28, 2003.

Di Russo F, Martinez A, Sereno MI, Pitzalis S, Hillyard SA. Cortical sources of the early components of the visual evoked potential. Human Brain Mapping 15:95-111, 2002.

Heinze HJ, Mangun GR, Burchert W, Hinrichs H, Scholz M, Munte TF, Gos A, Scherg M, Johannes S, Hundeshagen H. Combined spatial and temporal imaging of brain activity during visual selective attention in humans. Nature, 372:543-6, 1994.

Martinez A, Anllo-Vento L, Sereno MI, Frank LR, Buxton RB, Dubowitz DJ, Wong EC, Hinrichs H, Heinze HJ, Hillyard SA. Involvement of striate and extrastriate visual cortical areas in spatial attention. Nature Neuroscience 2:364-9, 1999.

Martinez A, Di Russo F, Anllo-Vento L, Hillyard SA. Electrophysiological analysis of cortical mechanisms of selective attention to high and low spatial frequencies. Clinical Neurophysiology 112:1980-98, 2001.

Martinez A, DiRusso F, Anllo-Vento L, Sereno MI, Buxton RB, Hillyard SA. Putting spatial attention on the map: timing and localization of stimulus selection processes in striate and extrastriate visual areas. Vision Research 41(10-11):1437-57, 2001.

Plendl H, Paulus W, Roberts IG, Botzel K, Towell A, Pitman JR, Scherg M, Halliday AM. The time course and location of cerebral evoked activity associated with the processing of colour stimuli in man. Neuroscience Letters, 150:9-12, 1993.

Probst T, Plendl H, Paulus W, Wist ER, Scherg M. Identification of the visual motion area (area V5) in the human brain by dipole source analysis. Experimental Brain Research, 93:345-51, 1993.

Watanabe S, Kakigi R, Koyama S, Kirino E. Human face perception traced by magneto- and electro-encephalography. Cognitive Brain Research 8:125-42, 1999.


The following publications site the use of BESA used alongside BrainVoyager.

D Sabatinelli, PJ Lang, A Keil, MM Bradley, Emotional Perception: Correlation of Functional MRI and Event-Related Potentials  Cerebral Cortex, 2007 - Oxford Univ Press

C Norra, S Becker, A Bröcheler, W Kawohl, HJ, Loudness dependence of evoked dipole source activity during acute serotonin challenge in females, Human Psychopharmacology – Clinical and Experimental -  2008

FJP Langheim, AN Merkle, AC Leuthold, SM Lewis, AP, Dipole analysis of magnetoencephalographic data during continuous shape copying Experimental Brain Research, 2006 - Springer

T Schicke, L Muckli, AL Beer, M Wibral, W Singer, Tight covariation of BOLD signal changes and slow ERPs in the parietal cortex in a parametric spatial imagery task with haptic acquisition European Journal of Neuroscience, 2006 - Blackwell Synergy

A Rupp, N Sieroka, A Gutschalk, T Dau, Representation of Auditory-Filter Phase Characteristics in the Cortex of Human Listeners Journal of Neurophysiology, 2008 - Am Physiological Soc

HT van Schie, Evidence for fast, low-level motor resonance to action observation: An MEG study Social Neuroscience, 2007 -

I Deffke, T Sander, J Heidenreich, W Sommer, G, MEG/EEG sources of the 170-ms response to faces are co-localized in the fusiform gyrus - Neuroimage, 2007 - Elsevier

TW Wilson, OO Hernandez, RM Asherin, PD Teale, ML, Cortical Gamma Generators Suggest Abnormal Auditory Circuitry in Early-Onset Psychosis Cerebral Cortex, 2008 - Oxford Univ Press

TW Wilson, AC Leuthold, SM Lewis, AP Georgopoulos, Cognitive dimensions of orthographic stimuli affect occipitotemporal dynamics  Experimental Brain Research, 2005 - Springer

TW Wilson, AC Leuthold, SM Lewis, AP Georgopoulos, The time and space of lexicality: a neuromagnetic view  Experimental Brain Research, 2005 - Springer